1 Thessalonians 1

1 Thessalonians 1


1:1 Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy,

To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

Grace to you and peace.

The Thessalonians’ Faith and Example

We give thanks to God always for all of you, constantly1 mentioning you in our prayers, remembering before our God and Father your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ. For we know, brothers2 loved by God, that he has chosen you, because our gospel came to you not only in word, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction. You know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake. And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, for you received the word in much affliction, with the joy of the Holy Spirit, so that you became an example to all the believers in Macedonia and in Achaia. For not only has the word of the Lord sounded forth from you in Macedonia and Achaia, but your faith in God has gone forth everywhere, so that we need not say anything. For they themselves report concerning us the kind of reception we had among you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God, 10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.


[1] 1:2 Or without ceasing

[2] 1:4 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters



James 5

James 5

Warning to the Rich

5:1 Come now, you rich, weep and howl for the miseries that are coming upon you. Your riches have rotted and your garments are moth-eaten. Your gold and silver have corroded, and their corrosion will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire. You have laid up treasure in the last days. Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, are crying out against you, and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts. You have lived on the earth in luxury and in self-indulgence. You have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter. You have condemned and murdered the righteous person. He does not resist you.

Patience in Suffering

Be patient, therefore, brothers,1 until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient about it, until it receives the early and the late rains. You also, be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand. Do not grumble against one another, brothers, so that you may not be judged; behold, the Judge is standing at the door. 10 As an example of suffering and patience, brothers, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord. 11 Behold, we consider those blessed who remained steadfast. You have heard of the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful.

12 But above all, my brothers, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let your “yes” be yes and your “no” be no, so that you may not fall under condemnation.

The Prayer of Faith

13 Is anyone among you suffering? Let him pray. Is anyone cheerful? Let him sing praise. 14 Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer of faith will save the one who is sick, and the Lord will raise him up. And if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven. 16 Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person has great power as it is working.2 17 Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed fervently that it might not rain, and for three years and six months it did not rain on the earth. 18 Then he prayed again, and heaven gave rain, and the earth bore its fruit.

19 My brothers, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone brings him back, 20 let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.


[1] 5:7 Or brothers and sisters; also verses 9, 10, 12, 19

[2] 5:16 Or The effective prayer of a righteous person has great power



James 4

James 4

Warning Against Worldliness

4:1 What causes quarrels and what causes fights among you? Is it not this, that your passions1 are at war within you?2 You desire and do not have, so you murder. You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. You do not have, because you do not ask. You ask and do not receive, because you ask wrongly, to spend it on your passions. You adulterous people!3 Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us”? But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.” Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. Be wretched and mourn and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning and your joy to gloom. 10 Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will exalt you.

11 Do not speak evil against one another, brothers.4 The one who speaks against a brother or judges his brother, speaks evil against the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge. 12 There is only one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge your neighbor?

Boasting About Tomorrow

13 Come now, you who say, “Today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year there and trade and make a profit”—14 yet you do not know what tomorrow will bring. What is your life? For you are a mist that appears for a little time and then vanishes. 15 Instead you ought to say, “If the Lord wills, we will live and do this or that.” 16 As it is, you boast in your arrogance. All such boasting is evil. 17 So whoever knows the right thing to do and fails to do it, for him it is sin.


[1] 4:1 Greek pleasures; also verse 3

[2] 4:1 Greek in your members

[3] 4:4 Or You adulteresses!

[4] 4:11 Or brothers and sisters



Saturday Study

2 John, 3 John & James 1-3 (9.23.23)

Let’s dig into James 1 verse 17 today as we look to who our good God is.

Let’s start with the first part of the verse:

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.

King David sings of God’s goodness in Psalm 100:5 saying, “For the Lord is good; his steadfast love endures forever, and his faithfulness to all generations.” Jesus helped his listeners understand this truth when he said, “If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him” (Matthew 7:11)!

We have to see that goodness is God’s nature. He is the measure of good.   All that God is and does is perfectly good, and He alone is the final standard of good. Jesus said in Luke 18:19, “… No one is good except God alone.” No one in their nature and very being is good and perfect like God is.  Now, not only is God the very definition and standard of what is good and holy, everything He does is perfect and good. Everything He creates is perfect and good.  

1 Timothy 4:4 For everything created by God is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving

It is sin and pride and selfishness in man and fallen angels that have caused us to take the good creation and gifts of God and turn them into things for sin and addiction and pain and suffering. So, money is not evil, it’s man’s craving for money that is evil.  Alcohol is not evil, it is man’s overindulgence in it that is sinful and hurtful.  Food is not evil, it is our over desire to over consume or to comfort ourselves with it that is sinful. Even the things God ordains and/or does with our sinful broken world that could seem by us to be wrong cannot be wrong for God to do because it is God who does them. 

William Perkins maybe said it best (really listen to this and I pray its truth begins to really sink in and shape how you think about God), “We must not think that God does a thing because it’s good and right, but rather the thing is good and right because God does it.”  Before we move on, do we give God the thanks He deserves for all that He constantly gives us? Do you see how God is constantly providing in all that He is entrusting to us? Do you see all that He is sustaining?

James is saying “every” good gift and every perfect gift is from above.

Are you thankful to God for “every” good gift?

When you get into your car and it starts … that is a good gift from God.

            But how often are we only thinking about the new car we want?

When you get to eat fresh and hot food … that is a good gift from God.

            But how often are we only critical about something in that meal that we don’t like?

When you get to hug or hold a loved one … that is a good gift from God.

            But how often do we miss the gift of loved ones and are focused on other things in our busy day?

When you get to open your Bible and study God’s word in your language … that is a good gift from God.

            But how often do we simply leave it sitting on the shelf or in the car neglecting all that it offers us?

When you wake up for a new day or stand up from your seat … that is a good gift from God.

But how often are we simply bitter at the responsibilities before us that day and not grateful at all for God’s good gifts of a body and mind that allows us to get up and live life!

Psalm 106:1 “… Oh give thanks to the Lord, for he is good …”  

In Psalm 34:8-10, David declares, “Oh, taste and see that the Lord is good! Blessed is the man who takes refuge in him! Oh, fear the Lord, you his saints, for those who fear him have no lack! The young lions suffer want and hunger; but those who seek the Lord lack no good thing.”

If your heart is constantly looking for and longing for the next thing, the next event, the next encounter, you are probably missing out on the good and perfect gifts of God. For those who seek the Lord lack NO GOOD THING!    

Let’s look at the next part of the verse.

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.

James presenting God as “Father of lights” is another way of saying He is the Father of all good things. God is the Creator.  He is the source of all that we have and enjoy.

Psalm 136:4-9 to him who alone does great wonders, for his steadfast love endures forever;to him who by understanding made the heavens, for his steadfast love endures forever;to him who spread out the earth above the waters, for his steadfast love endures forever;to him who made the great lights, for his steadfast love endures forever;the sun to rule over the day, for his steadfast love endures forever;the moon and stars to rule over the night, for his steadfast love endures forever

Consider with me the disrespect creation shows to God with our utter lack of awe and worship for all that He has made and done.  We are so guilty of making our days and our focus about us. We are utterly bathed in the goodness of His mighty hand and yet lack a resounding and ongoing praise for His creative and sustaining power. 

Job 38:4-12 “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding. Who determined its measurements—surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it? On what were its bases sunk, or who laid its cornerstone,

when the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted for joy? Or who shut in the sea with doors when it burst out from the womb, when I made clouds its garment and thick darkness its swaddling band, and prescribed limits for it and set bars and doors, and said, ‘Thus far shall you come, and no farther, and here shall your proud waves be stayed’? Have you commanded the morning since your days began, and caused the dawn to know its place”

He is God, He is power, He is love, He is life, He is worthy, He is the Father of lights!

As if that wasn’t enough. James is not done laying this massive foundation for who God is and for how He works. Maybe his biggest declaration in this verse is saved for last. Let’s read it.

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.

In a world that is always changing, the One who sits on the throne over it all is unchanging. God is constant. He is not swayed or moved or unsettled ever or in any way. Nothing surprises Him, moves Him, or causes Him to shift.  This is the very important doctrine of the immutability of God. Immutable is a Latin word that means “not changeable”. God, in His being, perfections, will, purposes, ordinations, and promises does not change in any way. He has always been and will always be exactly the same.

God Himself declared this most specifically in Malachi 3:6 “For I the Lord do not change; therefore you, O children of Jacob, are not consumed.”

Think about that. If there were ever a people who are unfaithful, who are unable to deliver and finish and stay the course, it is us. If God was moved and swayed by our actions and lack of action, we would all be consumed in His righteous judgment. But God set out to deliver a people of His choosing, to save them from their deserved death and to secure them in His ever steady and eternal grip! 

Hebrews 13:8 says,Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.” Why is this good news? Because in a world where nothing is certain, God is certain.  In a world where people and circumstances shift on a dime, where promises are made and then broken without any delay, God is faithful. God is constant. God is certain and stable. He is unmoved. He is dependable in every way.  

The immutability of God is one of the very core foundations of what makes God to be God. He is eternal, necessary, free from all composition and devoid of all potential for He is complete. He is pure and complete. He is unmoved and never altered. Consider it this way: Any improvement or shift in conviction would mean He was ever-so-slightly wrong and needing of improvement.  True change means a shift from what was. This cannot be God’s way for God was, is and always will be perfect, complete, satisfied, and holy.

Historic Orthodox Christian theologians have held that God is immutable. That He is unchanging in essence, knowledge, and will. Modern thought and theology have made many attempts to soften the immutability of God and wrongly interpret His creation, His incarnation, and the handling of a changing world as being linked to His nature to shift or change. But He cannot and does not shift. 

As James says so poignantly here, with “God” there is no variation or shadow due to change.

Herman Bavinck was a Dutch Reformed theologian and professor in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. He is considered one of the greatest reformed scholars.

Bavinck says it so well in his famous work, “Reformed Dogmatics” (2:156), “The difference between the Creator and the creature’s hinges on the contrast between being and becoming.” This means God eternally is what He is, never changing. He cannot change. But the created (you and I and all other things created) come into being at a point and is subject to and experiences change.

Bavinck goes on to say: “Those who predicate any change whatsoever of God, whether with respect to his essence, knowledge, or will, diminish all his attributes: independence, simplicity, eternity, omniscience, and omnipotence. This robs God of his divine nature, and religion of its firm foundation and assured comfort” (Bavinck, 2:158).

Bavinck says it well again in describing this reality: “There is change around, about, and outside of him, and there is change in people’s relations to him, but there is no change in God himself” (Bavinck, 2:158).

Finally, he says, Though eternal in himself, with no before or after, God engages the temporal world, condescending as transcendent God to dwell immanently in all created beings” (Bavinck, 2:158).

So, there might be perceived changes in God and in how God interacts with His creation in several scriptures He gives us in His word.In scripture, we see some examples whereby it looks as if God is changing or shifting or adjusting His position. In places like Genesis 6:6, “And the Lord regretted that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart.”  And in places like Exodus 32:10-14. Verse 14 says that after Moses pleaded with God to not put His wrath on the people, the Lord relented from the disaster that He had spoken of bringing on His people.

But how do these perceived testimonies among others stand in the midst of other passages that are clear to say that God doesn’t change His mind and has no regrets?

For example:

Numbers 23:19 “God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should change his mind. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it?” 

1 Samuel 15:29 “And also the Glory of Israel will not lie or have regret, for he is not a man, that he should have regret.”

What we must take away here is that we cannot make God like man in how these things happen. 

Now, God has chosen to use a type of speech called anthropomorphic language in Scripture that helps us understand better the ways in which He works, but we must rightly understand that it is not literal. Our Word of Truth Catechism describes anthropomorphic this way: Ascribing a human body, appearance, functions, or parts to something that is not human. We must understand that the description of God regretting in Genesis 6:5 is not the same thing as we experience as created man. 

Where we, created man, do feel regret and often experience change of our mind and in our actions, the anthropomorphic language used in Scripture about God is portraying His righteous anger and wrath on the sin of man. It is metaphorical and is not intended to portray the same way we FEEL/EXPERIENCE regret. 

Remember, Scripture didactically/definitively says “God is not man … that he should change his mind …” (Numbers 23:19) and “…[God] is not a man, that he should have regret.” (1 Samuel 15:29) And our passage from today, James 1:17 says with God “… there is no variation or shadow due to change.”

These statements are firm in defining God so we must read other scriptures that are metaphorical as God choosing to use human terms to communicate another reality beyond the human concept for the terms. To say that God has regrets is to say that God made mistakes and, therefore, is not God. For He is holy, all-knowing and perfect in all His ways.

These places in Scripture that seem to portray change in God is not an actual change, but from our angle, from our human view, a perceived change based upon all that has changed (in creation) in relation to that which is unchanged (in the Creator).

Oh, we are guilty of thinking about God as if He were like a human and framing Him up to fit into our box, our way of thinking, our way of perceiving the world and how things work for creation. We must repent of this for it makes us, the created, big and it makes God, the Creator, small. It pulls God down to our level.

Instead of undoing what God’s word makes clear here in James 1:17 about that fact that with God “… there is no variation or shadow due to change.” We should celebrate it. 

We are in His mighty and eternal grip. In a world that is coming at us from all sides, in bodies that are breaking down every day, in a first creation that will not maintain as it is forever a culture that doesn’t know truth and who’s normal operation is lies and deceit, we are saved and secured by a God that is unchanging.

God, in His being, perfections, will, purposes, ordinations, and promises, does not change in any way. He has always been and will always be exactly the same. This means He will not change His mind about who He has or will save.  This means He will fulfill all of His promises. This means He will finish what He started and not stop or change course.  This means nothing can overcome Him or pursue Him to be or to do other than He perfectly is and set out to do. If your soul is longing for faithfulness, for dependability, for certainty, for victory, God is your only hope! 

Psalm 46 says, “God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.Therefore we will not fear though the earth gives way, though the mountains be moved into the heart of the sea,though its waters roar and foam, though the mountains tremble at its swelling. SelahThere is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy habitation of the Most High.God is in the midst of her; she shall not be moved; God will help her when morning dawns.The nations rage, the kingdoms totter; he utters his voice, the earth melts. The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress. SelahCome, behold the works of the Lord, how he has brought desolations on the earth.He makes wars cease to the end of the earth; he breaks the bow and shatters the spear; he burns the chariots with fire.‘Be still, and know that I am God. I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth!’The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress.”

I pray you are greatly moved in your soul today by our study of this verse and that you would depend on God and trust Him with your entire life. 

He is the Father of lights! Every good gift and every perfect gift is from Him.

He is worthy of our praise, our trust, our lives. AMEN. 

By His grace and for His glory,

Pastor Joshua Kirstine

Disciples Church


James 3

James 3

Taming the Tongue

3:1 Not many of you should become teachers, my brothers, for you know that we who teach will be judged with greater strictness. For we all stumble in many ways. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, he is a perfect man, able also to bridle his whole body. If we put bits into the mouths of horses so that they obey us, we guide their whole bodies as well. Look at the ships also: though they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are guided by a very small rudder wherever the will of the pilot directs. So also the tongue is a small member, yet it boasts of great things.

How great a forest is set ablaze by such a small fire! And the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The tongue is set among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the entire course of life,1 and set on fire by hell.2 For every kind of beast and bird, of reptile and sea creature, can be tamed and has been tamed by mankind, but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison. With it we bless our Lord and Father, and with it we curse people who are made in the likeness of God. 10 From the same mouth come blessing and cursing. My brothers,3 these things ought not to be so. 11 Does a spring pour forth from the same opening both fresh and salt water? 12 Can a fig tree, my brothers, bear olives, or a grapevine produce figs? Neither can a salt pond yield fresh water.

Wisdom from Above

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? By his good conduct let him show his works in the meekness of wisdom. 14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast and be false to the truth. 15 This is not the wisdom that comes down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual, demonic. 16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there will be disorder and every vile practice. 17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, impartial and sincere. 18 And a harvest of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.


[1] 3:6 Or wheel of birth

[2] 3:6 Greek Gehenna

[3] 3:10 Or brothers and sisters; also verse 12